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You searched for: subject:"ancient judaism"
[texts]Pharisaism and Christianity - Odeberg, Hugo, 1898-1973
Hugo Odeberg's penetrating analysis of the all-embracing and distinctive conflict between Pharisaic righteousness and primitive Christianity. New Testament evidence leaves no doubt, the author insists, that the conflict between primitive Christianity and Pharisaism was irreconcilable.
Keywords: Pharisaism; Christianity; Ancient Judaism; Judaism; second temple jusaism; church history; ancient near east; early church
Downloads: 690
[audio]Podcast 7.1: Visions of the End - What is Apocalypticism? - Philip A. Harland
In this first episode I begin to define apocalypticism with reference to (1) a worldview or ideology focused on an imminent end of the world, (2) social groupings that live out that worldview, and (3) a type writing or genre of literature (e.g. the book of Daniel in the Hebrew Bible and John's Revelation.in the New Testament). This is part of series 7 (Visions of the End: Apocalypticism) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: apocalypticism; apocalyptic; armageddon; ancient judaism; early christianity; end of the world; millenialism; millenarian
Downloads: 8,470
[audio]Podcast 6.1: Introduction to Associations in the Greco-Roman World - Philip A. Harland
In this first episode of the series, I discuss our evidence for associations and guilds in the Greco-Roman world and outline the various types of these groups, including family-based, occupation-based, neighbourhood-based, and ethnic-based groups. This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: associations; guilds; social history; roman empire; greco-roman world; hellenistic; religion; early christianity; ancient judaism
Downloads: 10,465
[audio]Podcast 6.3: Judean and Christian Groups as Associations - Philip A. Harland
Using Josephus and Philo as a starting point, here I discuss how people in the ancient world, including Judeans (Jews), Christians, and others, sometimes expressed the identities of Judean synagogues and Christian congregations in terms of association-life. Although peculiar in some respects, Judean and Christian groups can be studied alongside other associations in the Greco-Roman world. This is part of series 7 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterrane...
Keywords: associations; guilds; social history; roman empire; greco-roman world; hellenistic; religion; early christianity; ancient judaism
Downloads: 10,379
[audio]Podcast 1.8: Paul's response to the Galatians - Philip A. Harland
This second episode on Paul's letter to the Galatians looks at Paul's response to the situation involving opponents that were advocating circumcision. I discuss the apocalyptic rationale behind Paul's notion that circumcision was not an entrance requirement for Gentiles to belong to the Jesus groups. In the process, I also begin to deal with Paul's complicated positions regarding the Torah (the law) and its relation to non-Judeans...
Keywords: early Christianity; new testament; bible; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman religions; apostle paul; galatia; judaism
Downloads: 15,946
[audio]Podcast 8.10 Jealous Satan And The Serpent In The Life Of Adam And Eve - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the expanded story of Adam and Eve that emerged around the turn of the common era as a way of explaining the motivations of Satan (primarily jealousy) in connection with both the creation of humans in the image of God and the serpent in the garden.
Keywords: Satan; Devil; Life of Adam and Eve; ancient Judaism; early Christianity; ancient history
Downloads: 4,756
[audio]Podcast 8.3 Predecessors From Persia - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss the battle between Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu in Persian Zoroastrianism in relation to the role of Satan within Judean apocalypticism.
Keywords: satan; devil; zoroaster; zoroastrianism; apocalypticism; ahura mazda; angra mainyu; ancient judaism; early christianity; history
Downloads: 6,703
[audio]Podcast 8.8 Internal Functions Of The Rhetoric Of Satan In Paul And John - Philip A. Harland
Here I introduce Paul's apocalyptic worldview and go on to discuss the way in which some early Christian authors or leaders (e.g. Paul and the elder John) used the language or rhetoric of Satan or evil personified figures (e.g. Antichrist) to label and combat internal opponents within the Christian communities.
Keywords: ancient history; early christianity; satan; devil; antichrist; ancient judaism; apostle paul; johaninne epistles
Downloads: 5,445
[audio]Podcast 8.11 The Jealous Creator And The Serpent Of Wisdom In Gnosticism - Philip A. Harland
Here I examine "On the Origin of the World" (one of the writings found at Nag Hammadi), which attributes to the creator God (Yaldabaoth) of the Hebrew Bible many of the negative attributes and motivations found in developing stories about Satan.  The result is a Satanic creator god and a wise serpent in the garden who brings knowledge (gnosis) and salvation.
Keywords: satan; demiurge; gnosticism; gnosis; yaldabaoth; ancient judaism; early christianity; serpent; genesis
Downloads: 4,526
[audio]Podcast 8.9 A Satanic Empire In John's Apocalypse - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss Satan in John's Apocalypse (Revelation), pointing out how this author pulls together many strands of the story of Satan and does so to demonize an external power: the Roman empire.
Keywords: Satan; the Devil; John's Apocalypse; Revelation; early Christianity; ancient Judaism; ancient history; Roman empire; apocalypticism
Downloads: 5,738
[audio]Podcast 8.7 The Devil And Beelzebub In The Synoptic Gospels - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss how the authors of the synoptic gospels portray Jesus in conflict with demons and with the Devil.
Keywords: satan; devil; beelzebub; early christianity; ancient history; ancient judaism; gospel of mark; gospel of Luke
Downloads: 5,719
[audio]Podcast 8.5 Fallen Angels In 1 Enoch (ca. 225 BCE) - Philip A. Harland
Here I discuss 1 Enoch's expanded story of the fallen angels headed by Azazel and Semyaz (based an interpretation of Genesis 6), which came to play a crucial role in the emerging story of Satan.
Keywords: Satan; devil; 1 enoch; fallen angels; ancient Judaism; early Christianity; Genesis; flood; Hebrew Bible; ancient history; apocalypticism
Downloads: 6,089
[audio]Podcast 1.6 Paul and the followers of Jesus at Corinth, part 3 - Philip A. Harland
This episode concludes the discussion of followers of Jesus at Corinth with a focus on Paul's response to the situation (in 1 Corinthians). Here we see Paul's education in Greco-Roman methods of rhetoric or argumentation. Paul's arguments for unity and against divisions provide a clear example of deliberative rhetoric, comparable to political speeches by the likes of Dio Chrysostom. This episode is part of series one ("Paul and his Communities") of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podc...
Keywords: early christianity; new testament; 1 corinthians; apostle paul; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman world; dio chrysostom; deliberative rhetoric; bible
Downloads: 15,894
[audio]Podcast 8.1 Predecessors of Satan from Mesopotamia - Philip A. Harland
This series of the podcast investigates the origins, history and functions of personified evil from ancient Judean and Christian culture to modern, Western culture.  We begin with what you might call the pre-history of Satan by exploring the building blocks of what ultimately became the story of Satan within Judean (Jewish) and Christian circles.  The first among the predecessors of Satan are monsters (who are also gods) found within Mesopotamian mythology in the second and first millenia BCE...
Keywords: religion; ancient judaism; mesopotamia; israelite; combat myth; satan; devil; evil personified; early christianity; enuma elish; ninurta; anzu; marduk; tiamat; leviathan
Downloads: 7,947
[audio]Podcast 1.7: Paul and the situation in Galatia - Philip A. Harland
This episode looks at the situation in Galatia that led Paul to write his letter in the mid-first century (part 1 of 2). After Paul left this region of Asia Minor, certain leaders of the Jesus movement had passed through and discovered Gentiles (non-Judeans) who were not circumcized, despite the fact they thought they belonged to this Judean (Jewish) movement. Here I explore the rationale of these opponents of Paul who advocated circumcision as an entrance requirement into the movement and as a ...
Keywords: new testament; apostle paul; galatia; galatians; bible; early christianity; christian origins; ancient judaism; greco-roman world; ancient mediterranean; jesus movement
Downloads: 16,000
[audio]Podcast 6.2: Social, Religious, and Burial Activities of Associations - Philip A. Harland
Here I explore the internal activities of associations, pointing to intertwined social, religious, and burial purposes that these groups served for their members. We take a close look at one particular association devoted to the god Zeus and the goddess Agdistis at Philadelphia in Asia Minor (LSAM 20). This is part of series 6 (Associations in the Greco-Roman World) of the Religions of the Ancient Mediterranean podcast.
Keywords: associations; guilds; social history; roman empire; greco-roman world; hellenistic; religion; early christianity; ancient judaism; burial; agdistis; zeus
Downloads: 9,535
[audio]Podcast 8.2 Predecessors of Satan from Canaan And Israel - Philip A. Harland
This episode continues to consider the centrality of the "combat myth" for the subsequent origins of Satan, considering Ugaritic (Canaanite) and Israelite examples of a god slaying a chaos monster, such as Leviathan.
Keywords: Satan; personified evil; cultural history; religion; canaanite religion; israelite religion; leviathan; rahab; combat myth; satan; devil; ancient judaism; early christianity
Downloads: 6,741
[audio]Podcast 7.2: Origins part 1 - Ancient Near Eastern Combat Myths - Philip A. Harland
Here I go back to the earliest Mesopotamian mythologies (starting about 3000 BCE) about the gods in order to trace a recurring pattern -- labeled the "combat myth" by scholars -- that later came to play a role in Judean (Jewish) apocalypticism. In particular I explore stories about a chaotic god or monster threatening the order of the universe and a young god's success in slaying the monster to restore order.
Keywords: apocalypticism; apocalyptic; armageddon; ancient judaism; early christianity; end of the world; millenialism; millenarian; mesopotamia; combat myth; ninurta; anzu; baal; yamm; yahweh; leviathan; behemoth; rahab
Downloads: 9,102
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